ALFRED NOBEL (1833- 96)

1901 – Sweden

  • 1866 – Invents dynamite

  • 1876 – Invents blasting gelatin

  • 1886 – Invents ballistite

  • 1896 – Nobel Foundation set-up to comply with the terms of Nobel’s will

  • 1901 – First Nobel Prizes awarded

A Swede educated in Russia, France and the United States, Alfred Nobel was a chemist who set up a factory to manufacture the relatively unstable nitro-glycerine to serve the civil-engineering market. After a disaster in 1864, Nobel found a way to stabilise the liquid explosive with kieselguhr, which he called dynamite. He went on to develop blasting gelatin, ballistite and a series of detonators.

The success of Nobel’s dynamites was compounded by his holdings in oil, leading to vast personal wealth. He left much of his fortune to funding the establishment of a series of awards, one of which included an accolade for peace.
There was another dedicated to literature, with the remaining three presented for achievements in the sciences. The first Nobel prizes for medicine (or physiology), physics and chemistry were awarded in 1901.

The prizes are awarded annually, according to the terms of Nobel’s will; ‘to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.’

Wikipedia-logo © (link to wikipedia)

NEXT buttonTIMELINE

Advertisements

One thought on “ALFRED NOBEL (1833- 96)

  1. Pingback: MAX PLANCK (1856-1947) | A History of Science

Leave a comment - especially if you find factual or grammatical errors

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s