HEIKE KAMERLINGH-ONNES (1853-1926)

1911 – Holland

‘At very low temperatures, some materials conduct electricity without any resistance: that is, virtually without any loss of energy’

Photograph of KAMERLINGH ONNES with his apparatus in 1926

KAMERLINGH ONNES

These materials are called superconductors. In 1908 Kamerlingh-Onnes found that metals such as mercury, lead and tin become superconductors at very low temperatures.

It is now known that about 24 elements and hundreds of compounds become superconductors near absolute zero.

Superconducting technology advanced little until 1986, when scientists developed a metallic ceramic compound that becomes superconductive at around the temperature of liquid nitrogen – minus 196 degrees Celsius.

picture of the Nobel medal - link to nobelprize.org

Link to WIKIPEDIA

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One thought on “HEIKE KAMERLINGH-ONNES (1853-1926)

  1. Pingback: LEO BAEKELAND (1863-1944) | A History of Science

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